This page contains a list of resources consulted by History of Vaccines staff during the development of the website, as well as some that we recommend for those interested in further exploration of immunization and the history of vaccines.
- Bacterial Diseases in History
Explore the ways the bacterial diseases have affected humans over the millennia.
- Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination
The University of South Carolina presents digitized primary documents related to Jenner’s work with cowpox and smallpox. The online exhibit is a based on a museum exhibit of the same name.
- Edward Jenner Museum
The Edward Jenner Museum occupies Jenner’s country house and offers a variety of learning opportunities for students and those interested in the history of medicine.
- The Pasteur Institute
The Nobel Prize Foundation offers a history of The Pasteur Institute, which won a Nobel Prize for Physiology/Medicine in 1965.
- Nobel Prizes in Medicine
Many pioneers in immunology and vaccine development have won Nobel Prizes in Physiology/Medicine. NobelPrize.org lists all the winners since Emil von Behring won the prize in 1901 for his work on diphtheria.
Vaccine and Immunization Resources
- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Immunization
The AAP site offers information about the immunization schedule for children, including resources to answer parents’ common questions about vaccines.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vaccines and Immunizations
The CDC maintains the current immunization schedules (for children, adolescents and adults) as well as information for international travelers who may require additional vaccines, answers to common questions, data about side effects and vaccine safety, and statistics about vaccine-preventable diseases.
- PATH's Vaccine Resource Library
International health nonprofit PATH gathers top immunization resources in its Vaccine Resource Library, which links to high-quality, scientifically accurate materials on specific diseases and topics in immunization.
- Vaccine Education Center at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP)
The Vaccine Education Center offers videos, printable fact sheets and answers to frequently asked questions about immunization. The site provides detailed information about specific vaccines, as well as an explanation of the comprehensive vaccination schedule and a discussion of vaccine safety.
Vaccines.gov is the federal gateway to information on vaccines and immunization for infants, children, teenagers, adults, and seniors. Vaccines.gov provides resources from federal agencies for the general public and their communities about vaccines across the lifespan.
- Vaccine Safety Net
The World Health Organization assembles a list of reliable providers of information on vaccines. Visit their site to learn about their criteria for inclusion and find reputable sources of information in a variety of languages.
- Allen, Arthur. Vaccine. The Controversial Story of Medicine's Greatest Lifesaver. New York: Harper Perennial, 2007.
- Colgrove, James. State of Immunity. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2006.
- Henderson, D.A. Smallpox: the Death of a Disease. New York: Prometheus Books, 2009.
- Oldstone, Michael. Viruses, Plagues, and History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
- Offit, Paul A. Vaccinated: One Man’s Quest Defeat the World’s Deadliest Diseases. New York: HarperCollins, 2007.
- Oshinsky, David. Polio: An American Story. Cambridge: Oxford University Press, 2005.
- Plotkin, Stanley A., and Mortimer, Edward. Vaccines. New York: Harper Perennial, 1988.
- Plotkin, Stanley A., Oshinsky, Walter A, and Offit, Paul A. Vaccines, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2008.