The History of Vaccines explores the role of immunization in the human experience and examines its continuing contributions to public health


Top 20 Questions about Vaccination

Detailed answers to those most frequent questions about vaccination. More

Vaccine Side Effects and Adverse Events

A vaccine is a medical intervention, and as with any medical intervention, may have side effects. This article discusses side effects and adverse events related to vaccination. More

Different Types of Vaccines

Vaccines are made using several different processes. They may contain live viruses that have been attenuated (weakened or altered so as not to cause illness); inactivated or killed organisms or viruses; inactivated toxins (for bacterial diseases where toxins generated by the bacteria, and not the bacteria themselves, cause illness); or merely segments of the pathogen (this includes both subunit and conjugate vaccines). More

The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease

The human immune system is essential for our survival in a world full of potentially dangerous microbes. More
Pearl Kendrick, PhD, developed and tested a successful vaccine in the 1930s to combat which disease?
Whooping cough
Scarlet fever

Kendrick developed a whooping cough vaccine. Read more.