The History of Vaccines explores the role of immunization in the human experience and examines its continuing contributions to public health


Vaccine Side Effects and Adverse Events

A vaccine is a medical intervention, and as with any medical intervention, may have side effects. This article discusses side effects and adverse events related to vaccination. More

Biological Weapons, Bioterrorism, and Vaccines

A biological attack may seem more like a plot element in an action film than a realistic threat. Biological attacks, however, have occurred in the past. A collection of U.S. government agencies are involved in planning responses to potential biological attacks. More

Different Types of Vaccines

Vaccines are made using several different processes. They may contain live viruses that have been attenuated (weakened or altered so as not to cause illness); inactivated or killed organisms or viruses; inactivated toxins (for bacterial diseases where toxins generated by the bacteria, and not the bacteria themselves, cause illness); or merely segments of the pathogen (this includes both subunit and conjugate vaccines). More

The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease

The human immune system is essential for our survival in a world full of potentially dangerous microbes. More
Which vaccine pioneer developed more than 40 vaccines?
Edward Jenner
Louis Pasteur
Jonas Salk
Maurice Hilleman

Microbiologist Maurice Hilleman developed many vaccines used today. Read more