The History of Vaccines explores the role of immunization in the human experience and examines its continuing contributions to public health


Ebola Virus Disease and Ebola Vaccines

Ebola virus disease reached unprecendented epidemic levels in 2014. Vaccines are in clinical trials. More

Vaccine Development, Testing, and Regulation

Systems for developing and testing vaccines emerged after the 19th century, when many vaccines began to be used. The current system for developing, testing, and regulating vaccines developed during the 20th century as the groups involved standardized their procedures and regulations. More

Different Types of Vaccines

Vaccines are made using several different processes. They may contain live viruses that have been attenuated (weakened or altered so as not to cause illness); inactivated or killed organisms or viruses; inactivated toxins (for bacterial diseases where toxins generated by the bacteria, and not the bacteria themselves, cause illness); or merely segments of the pathogen (this includes both subunit and conjugate vaccines). More

The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease

The human immune system is essential for our survival in a world full of potentially dangerous microbes. More
Which vaccine-preventable disease is sometimes referred to as “the black vomit”?
Yellow fever

Yellow fever can cause internal bleeding, leading to bloody vomit. Read more