The History of Vaccines explores the role of immunization in the human experience and examines its continuing contributions to public health

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Vaccine Side Effects and Adverse Events

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A vaccine is a medical intervention, and as with any medical intervention, may have side effects. This article discusses side effects and adverse events related to vaccination. More

Biological Weapons, Bioterrorism, and Vaccines

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A biological attack may seem more like a plot element in an action film than a realistic threat. Biological attacks, however, have occurred in the past. A collection of U.S. government agencies are involved in planning responses to potential biological attacks. More

Different Types of Vaccines

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Vaccines are made using several different processes. They may contain live viruses that have been attenuated (weakened or altered so as not to cause illness); inactivated or killed organisms or viruses; inactivated toxins (for bacterial diseases where toxins generated by the bacteria, and not the bacteria themselves, cause illness); or merely segments of the pathogen (this includes both subunit and conjugate vaccines). More

The Human Immune System and Infectious Disease

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The human immune system is essential for our survival in a world full of potentially dangerous microbes. More
Which vaccine pioneer developed more than 40 vaccines?
Edward Jenner
Louis Pasteur
Jonas Salk
Maurice Hilleman
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Microbiologist Maurice Hilleman developed many vaccines used today. Read more