Vaccines for Adults

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The Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia
First step in multiple puncture technique of TB vaccination
Vaccines aren't just for children. Adults need them too, whether it's a booster for tetatnus, protection against shingles, or to protect against less common diseases when traveling internationally. More

The Scientific Method in Vaccine History

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Learn how the scientific method has been used in the development of vaccines and the study of infectious diseases. More

Human Cell Strains in Vaccine Development

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Human cells have been used to develop vaccines against many diseases, including rubella, chickenpox, and rabies. More

Influenza Pandemics

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In contrast to seasonal outbreaks of influenza, pandemics occur when a new subtype or strain of the influenza virus develops, to which humans have little pre-existing immunity. The three pandemics that occurred during the 20th century spread rapidly and globally, and resulted in many deaths. More

Top 20 Questions about Vaccination

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Detailed answers to those most frequent questions about vaccination. More

Vaccines for Teenagers

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Parents keep babies on track with immunizations by making frequent doctor visits. Teenagers also need vaccines, but they don’t visit the doctor as often as young children. Not surprisingly, many teenagers haven’t received the vaccines they need to be fully protected. More

Pertussis ( Whooping Cough )

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Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an extremely contagious disease caused by the Bordetella pertussis bacterium. More

History of Anti-vaccination Movements

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Though many consider vaccination a top public health achievement of modern medicine, opposition to vaccination dates back to its introduction in the early 1800s. More

Misconceptions about Vaccines

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Misconceptions about vaccines have persisted for decades because of a poor understanding of how vaccination works and an often skewed notion of the human immune response. More