- Waldemar Haffkine developed cholera and plague vaccines.
Waldemar Haffine (1860-1930), a Russian-Jewish microbiologist, developed early cholera and plague vaccines. He left Russia in 1888 because of anti-Semitic restrictions on his work, and immigrated to France to join the Pasteur Institute. Haffkine went to India in 1893 to test his newly developed cholera vaccine, and spend much of the next 30 years there.
- Timeline Category:
Diseases & Vaccines
- The Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Waksman SA. The brilliant and tragic life of W.M.W. Haffkine. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1964.