Maurice Hilleman, PhD, developed over 40 vaccines from 1940s to 2000s, notably measles, mumps, and hepatitis B, among other accomplishments. Some observers have noted that Hilleman may have saved more lives than any other single person.
Hilleman received many awards and honors for his contributions to human health. Among them were the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award (1983), the National Medal of Science (1988), the Robert Koch Gold Medal (1989), the World Health Organization’s Special Lifetime Achievement Award (1996), and the Albert B. Sabin Lifetime Achievement Award (1997). Hilleman was elected to the National Academy of Science in 1985. He died in 2005 at the age of 85.