ACIP Makes New Tdap and Meningococcal Vaccine Recommendations

ACIP Makes New Tdap and Meningococcal Vaccine Recommendations

October 26, 2012 Project Director

Neisseria meningitidis, copyright Dennis Kunkel Microscopy, Inc.Today's blog post is by Andreas Bollmann, MD, PhD, FAAP, a Philadelphia-area pediatrician and History of Vaccines advisor.

As of October 24, 2012, the U.S. Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends to vaccinate all pregnant women against pertussis (whooping cough) with the Tdap vaccine regardless of whether they have had Tdap in the past. 

If that is not feasible, the vaccine should be given upon discharge from the hospital or birthing center. 

Giving the vaccine during pregnancy allows for the mother's immune system to make antibodies, that then get transferred to the newborn body through the umbilical cord.

This can protect the infant during the time before he or she receives the first set of scheduled vaccines at two months of age.

The vaccine was previously recommended to be given to pregnant women who never had the Tdap vaccine, but it has now been determined that a single dose of Tdap vaccine is not enough to protect for additional pregnancies.

The ACIP also approved a combination vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Neisseria meningitidis serogroups C and Y for at-risk infants. 

This vaccine is different from the current meningococcal vaccines given to children ages 11 years and above.

Infants considered at-risk are those with recognized persistent complement pathway deficiencies or infants who have anatomic or functional asplenia. (The latter is, for example, the case in sickle cell disease.)

Infants at increased risk for meningococcal disease should be vaccinated at 2, 4, and 6 months, and again at 12 through 15 months with this vaccine generically known as HibMenCY.

CDC will publish the recommendations in an upcoming Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, making them official.

Comments

Posted by Steve in Birmingham (not verified)

Thank you for yet another really interesting post. As the continuous debate rages over the use of vaccinations, this one will surely be at the heart of a few arguments. I realize that the meningococcal disease is particularly deadly for children, and I know as a parent I would want to take any measure necessary to ensure the health of my child.

Posted by Mitchell Sexner (not verified)

With all the hype regarding whether or not to vaccinate our children or even get certain ones done in-utero, the medical industry is at a crossroads. Luckily, there is no law that enforces this as it gives people the chance to make their own choice and can also avoid many a malpractice suit if parents aren’t happy with adverse reactions vaccinations may cause to their young ones.

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