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Thirteen St. Louis children died from contaminated diphtheria antitoxin.
Investigations showed that a horse used in diphtheria antitoxin production for the St. Louis municipal health authority died of tetanus. Rather than being discarded, some of the antitoxin produced from the diseased horse was sent to physicians.
This incident, along with a Camden, New Jersey, tetanus outbreak linked to contaminated smallpox vaccine, led to federal regulation of biologic products.
- Advertisement for Roux's syringe for delivering diphtheria antitoxin.
This advertisement shows Roux's syringe for delivering diphtheria antitoxin. Presumably this was developed by Émile Roux of the Pasteur Institute in Paris. No date.
- The Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia
- Timeline Category:
Diseases & Vaccines
- The Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Pamphlet Box, Diphtheria