History of Vaccines Blog
Maternal Immunization, Afghanistan
A young Afghan mother, age 15, receives a vaccination with her child in Ghor Province, Afghanistan. Tetanus toxoid immunization protects mothers and newborns from tetanus infection. Pertussis and influenza immunization during pregnancy protect the mother from infection and also help protect the newborn from infection during the vulnerable neonatal period.
Meningococcal Vaccine in the Philippines
A girl receives a dose of meningococcal vaccine in 2005 in Baguio City, Philippines. Meningococcal vaccines are given in the Philippines to children at high risk of invasive meningococcal disease and to those with certain health conditions, and during outbreaks. In this case, an outbreak of meningococcemia had led the mayor of this town to declare the city under a state of emergency. A mass vaccination campaign then took place.
Tuberculosis (BCG) Vaccination in Mozambique
A health worker administers tuberculosis (BCG) vaccine to a child in Ile, Mozambique. BCG vaccine is part of the World Health Organization's Expanded Programme on Immunization in many parts of the world. While BCG vaccine generally does not prevent tuberculosis infection and transmission, it prevents some of the worst outcomes of TB infection in children.
Oral Polio Vaccination in India
Under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), rural health workers provide oral polio vaccination to a child in a remote village of West Bengal, India.
Influenza: Spanish Influenza Pandemic and Vaccines
In the deadly Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918-19, investigators attempted to develop vaccines to prevent influenza, though they had not yet correctly identified the causative pathogen. A variety of killed whole cell bacterial vaccines were tested; these vaccines included Bacillus influenzae (now know as Haemophilus influenzae) and strains of pneumococcus, streptococcus, staphylococcus, and Moraxella catarrhalis bacteria.
Mumps in Boy
The typical swelling of mumps infection is visible under this four-year-old boy's jaw. From Koplik, Henry. The Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. New York: Lea, 1902.
French Caricature of Vaccination
David H. Smith, MD
David H. Smith, MD (1932-1998) , along with his colleague, Porter Anderson, PhD, began working on a vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae type B, a cause of meningitis, in the 1960s. Their polysaccharide vaccine was licensed in 1985.